Type Mountain Bikes

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Mountain bike is one of the types of bicycles. The bike is divided into several types:

Mountain Bike, Road Bike, Urban Bike/City Bike or bicycle in urban, BMX/Dirt Jump. This time we will discuss specifically type Mountain Bikes.

Type Mountain Bikes
A mountain bike is further divided into several variants based on the kind of terrain that is: Cross country (XC), Trail, Enduro, Freestyle, and Gravity or Downhill.

Before discussing one by one of the above variants, it need to understand the  geometry of mountain bikes. Please see pictures below:

Please see pictures below:

Mountain Bike Frame

Mountain Bike Fork Geometry

Cross Country (XC)

Base on the name this type used for terrain cross country with an not extreme off road. This bicycle having Head tube angle > 68°, Fork travel 80-100 mm. XC hardtail is largely on its own although there also are using the rear suspension (full suspension). This bike is suitable for beginners.

For this kind of competing for XC usually the position of the handlebar is made to pursue the lowest possible aerodynamic. While the ingredients are usually of frame carbon there is even made from titanium.


These bikes are used for rough off-road terrain devouring, steep and rocky. Most of these bikes are already using Full Suspension although there is also still a hardtail. The head tube angle of 68°, fork travel 120-140 mm.


Also known as All Mountain (AM) bike. Is a type of MTB used to devour the extreme off-road terrain in the mountains. Compared with the XC and Trail required upgrading skill and technique to devour this field. Head Tube angle geometry 66° – 67°, Fork travel 140 to 160 mm.


This bicycle was created to conquer obstacles in the form of drop off. This bike has a sturdy frame and fork are stout and wide and strong rims. Need special skills to do this. One of the famous Freestyler is Danny MacAskill. Head tube angle is typically 65° – 67°, Fork travel 160 – 180 mm

Downhill (Gravity)

This bike is the type of bike that was created to traverse the most extreme terrain in the appeal of this type of bicycle that has been mentioned above. The bicycle was invented for devouring a declining Hill terrain at high speed and are accompanied by drop off. Need high skills and techniques as well as extra courage to conquer this type of bike. Head tube angle of 65°, Fork travel 180 – 200 mm with a double crown. The frame is made as strong as possible and is heavier than a mountain bike another type. Because it is intended for the derivative so this bike type will be heavy to be rowed. So it is not suitable for the terrain in addition to downhill.

Choice your mountain bike

By knowing the type Mountain Bikes explained above will facilitate our choice in buying a bicycle in accordance with the allocation.

The influence of geometry against the frame itself is designed to match the geometry of the track that will be suffered. The smaller the head tube angle means getting the longer well base then the better it will be for the derivative but heavy for uphill because of the swing frame. The swing frame can be addressed with a variety of technologies such as FSR, DW Link, AVP, VVP, Forward Geometry and others.

Many people are mistaken that the type Mountain Bikes depending with fork travel, the right type of bicycle travel is determined by the frame or the head tube angle. So an error by replacing the fork with travel being higher would raise the bike XC Trail or All Mountain being, examples: a trail bike with 120 mm travel fork is replaced by fork with a length of 150 mm travel with hope can ride bikes became PM, this is a mistake and instead will be harmful to the frame itself because it goes against the geometry which has been set by the maker (factory).

Thus the explanation of type mountain bike hopefully, it can help in choosing the type of bicycle that will we buy for the sake of comfort and safety in cycling.


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